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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31-34

Comparison of attitude of smokeless tobacco users taking dental treatment versus not seeking dental treatment toward cessation of smokeless tobacco use


1 Nursing Officer, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Faculty, Department of Mental Health Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
3 Professor, Department of Psychiatry and NDDTC, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
4 Professor, Centre for Dental Education and Research, AIIMS, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sandhya Gupta
Department of Mental Health Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/IOPN.IOPN_13_19

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Background: Tobacco exposure is the single greatest preventable cause of morbidity, disability, and mortality for chronic and debilitating diseases. In public health education, an important aspect is the treatment of tobacco use dependence. This experimental study is intended to deter the use of smokeless tobacco (ST) for the users who seek treatment and who do not seek treatment as well. Materials and Methods: The study was conducted using a pretest–posttest design on ST users (dental group = 40 and nondental group = 40) in a tertiary care setting. Educational video: A video film of 14 min was developed by a researcher that included contents related to the chemical properties of tobacco, its harmful health effects, the diseases caused by tobacco use, and the facilities available for treatment. Tools: The tools used were subject datasheet and attitude questionnaire. Results: The mean age of the participants in dental group was 39 years and in nondental group was 34 years. Most of the participants in dental group and nondental group were using gutka. Attitude scores of participants significantly increase from pretest (55.32 ± 7.0) to posttest (62.74 ± 4.2). There was a statistically significant difference between attitude scores of participants in dental group (60.3 ± 13.23) and nondental group (62.6 ± 4.19) at 1-month follow-up (P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: The educational video film regarding the ill effects of tobacco use and its treatment was effective in enhancing positive attitude of both the equally useful.


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