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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 13-17

Effectiveness of self enhancement programme on depression and self esteem among elderly residing in old age homes

1 Lecturer, Tripura Institute of Paramedical sciences, Tripura, India
2 Assistant Professor, Maharishi Markandeshwar College of Nursing, Haryana, India

Correspondence Address:
B Debasmita
Lecturer, Tripura Institute of Paramedical sciences, Tripura
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.119337

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Older adults, make important contributions to society as family member and in any work of the society, at the same time if not very active they can also be at high risk of developing mental disorders. A Pre-experimental one group pre-test post-test study design was used to assess the effectiveness of self enhancement programme (SEP) on depression and self esteem among elderly residing in selected old age homes of Agartala, Tripura. 31 elderly were selected using Purposive sampling. The data were collected through interview technique. Self enhancement programme (SEP) consists of self introduction, guided imaginary, group therapy, role play and closing session given for one hour for continuous 7 days. The study results revealed that majority of subjects 17(54.8%) were in the age group of 75 years and above, 25 (80.6%) were female, 20(64.5%) widow/widower. The findings of this study indicated that SEP is effective in reducing depression (t value=5.208, p value = <0.05) and increasing self esteem (t-value=5.933,p value = <0.05) among elderly in institutionalized elderly. Moderately significant negative correlation was found between depression and self esteem at the level of 0.05 level of significance which indicates depression decreases with increase in self esteem. The study concluded that SEP is effective method for reducing level of depression and enhancing self-esteem of elderly.

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