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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 14-18

Relapse precipitants, life events & coping behaviors among substance users

1 Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarkhand, India
2 Associate Professor, University College of Nursing, BFUHS, Faridkot (Pb), India

Correspondence Address:
Rajesh Kumar
Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Rishikesh, Uttarkhand
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.132848

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Relapse is common and stressful aspect among substance abusers. In the present study there has been an attempt to study relapse precipitants, life events and coping behaviors among opioids, alcohol and multiple substance dependent men. A descriptive survey was conducted after enrolling 45 substance dependent men. Clients were interviewed by using socio-demographic profile and clinical sheet, relapse precipitate inventory (RPI), presumptive stressful life scale (PSLES), and coping behaviour inventory (CBI). Study results reveals that onset of substance abuse was earlier in alcohol dependents in contrast to long duration of substance abuse and hospitalization in opioids dependents. The relapse phenomena was significantly associated with age, marital status, occupation, number of previous relapse, frequency of detoxification, duration of follow up, substance abuse and hospitalization. Factors influencing relapse appeared to be largely similar with more use of coping strategies in multiple substance dependents, especially behavioral one. Future researchers are encouraged to replicate this study and explore more dynamic nature of relapse phenomena.

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