|Year : 2017 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 9-10
Level of knowledge regarding substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys
Asst. Professor, SIMS College of Nursing, Mangaldas Nagar, Guntur, India
|Date of Web Publication||9-Jul-2019|
Asst. Professor, SIMS College of Nursing, Mangaldas Nagar, Guntur
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
The study was aimed to assess the level of knowledge regarding substance use and its effects among adolescent boys at Z.P.H Schools at Guntur, Andhra Pradesh. A descriptive survey design was adopted and 60 adolescent boys were selected by simple random sampling technique. Data was collected by using self administered questionnaire regarding substance abuse. The study results showed that 90% of adolescent boys had average level of knowledge, 10% of adolescent boys had good level of knowledge where as none of them had poor knowledge with mean score of 25.1 + 4.95.
Keywords: Substance use, Adolescent Boys
|How to cite this article:|
Bhanupriya U. Level of knowledge regarding substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys. Indian J Psy Nsg 2017;14:9-10
|How to cite this URL:|
Bhanupriya U. Level of knowledge regarding substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys. Indian J Psy Nsg [serial online] 2017 [cited 2023 Jun 3];14:9-10. Available from: https://www.ijpn.in/text.asp?2017/14/1/9/262426
| Introduction|| |
The Adolescence is literally the period of growing up and becoming an adult. It is a challenge to meet their health needs, in India 18-20% of population constitutes the age group of between 12-18 years. The adolescent face different types of problem related to family, society and emotional, physical aspects. These may be caused by the separation anxiety from the family development of a sense of identity, death of family members, over protection, lack of freedom, divorce of parents, economical problems, peer pressure, mass media or changes in sociomoral aspects, peer influence truancy from home and school alcohol consumption, adolescent pregnancy etc.
A drug is a substance which may be intoxicating performance enhancing cause other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of other animal. In India, the last two decades have been a period of rapid increase in the percentage of drug and alcohol use. Alcohol is getting a society sensation over a wider stratum of society. There has been a marked increase in the use of heroin in our country in the last few years.
The use of substance never remains an isolated phenomenon and inevitably involves profiting from their sale and ultimately the development of a black market, with a rise in crime. By the above information and literature evidence the researcher felt it is useful to assess the level of knowledge regarding substance use and its effects among adolescent boys. This research will motivate and initiate awareness among adolescent boys on substance use and its effects. It discourages them from crimes. This knowledge helps the adolescent boys to improve their Nation’s Health and Wealth.
| Material and Methods|| |
The objectives of the study were to assess the level of knowledge about substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys and to determine association between the knowledge of adolescent boys with their selected demographic variables. The study was approved by research ethical committee and authorities of Z.P.H Schools, Guntur. Participants were explained about the purpose of the study and consent was taken.
A descriptive survey design was adopted and simple random sampling technique was used to select the participant (n=60) adolescent boys who are between the age group of 12-18 years. The tool is organized as part-1 demographic variables; part-2 consists of self structured questionnaire. 6 experts constituting 2 psychiatrist and 4 experts from nursing department validated the tool. Level of knowledge based on scoring key - Poor-0-33, Average - 34-67, Good- 68-100. The reliability of tool (internal consistency) was established by inter rated reliability method using Test-retest method with intra correlation co-efficient r=0.9. It was found that the tool is reliable. The data obtained was analysed by descriptive and inferential statistics.
| Results|| |
As given in [Table 1] that majority (51%) were in the age group of 14-15 years 68% were belongs to Hindu religion 40% were studied class 8, 55% resides at Urban area, 33% had family income of 2000-3000 above 56% had the source of knowledge from audio visual aids.
|Table 1: Frequency and percentage distribution of adolescent boys according to their demographic variables (n=60)|
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As given in [Table 2] that majority (90%) of adolescent boys had average knowledge about substance use and its ill effects, 10% of them had good knowledge, with mean score of (25.1+4.95.)
|Table 2: Frequency and percentage distribution, mean and standard deviation of knowledge regarding substance use among adolescent boys (n=60)|
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Computation of association between level of knowledge about substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys with their demographic variables. shown that there was no significant association between knowledge and demographic variables
| Discussion|| |
Among 60 adolescent boys 90% of them had average knowledge 10% of them had good knowledge, where as none of them had poor knowledge with mean score of 25.1+4.95. The level of knowledge among adolescent boys was average. The findings of the study was consistent with the findings of Haddad (2010) which revealed that students of both sexes were knowledgeable about aspects of substance use, including its harmful effects on the body and society similarly Dechenla Tering, (2010) a descriptive study on knowledge regarding harmful use of substance and obtain information about attitude among high school students revealed that out of 416 students 52 (12.5%) used the substance irrespective of time and frequency in life time 25 (15%) were among urban students and 26 (73.07%) of respondents expressed desire to quit substance use and 57.9% has tried to stop. Correlation revealed that there was no significant association in age, religion, educational level, place of residence, income of family and source of knowledge (p>0.05). The findings of the present study was consistent with findings of Seemant Parashar(2016) A descriptive study to assess the knowledge related to substance use among adolescents in selected colleges of Gwailor revealed that there was a significant association between the knowledge of adolescents and selected variables such as Age, Sex, Religion, Type of family, Place of residence, Income of family, Education level of parents, Occupation of parents, Use of drugs by family members, Number of children in the family and Exposure to media. Idris SH, Sambo MN et.al., (2009) a cross sectional descriptive study on psycho active substance use among school adolescents in Zaria, North western Nigeria revealed that significant relationship between family back ground and psycho active use.
The implications drawn in the study are of vital concern to the adolescent boys in order to improve the level of knowledge regarding ill effects of substance use and its effects. To provide effective nursing care in contemporary practice settings, nurses requires abroad knowledge. As a nurse it is our responsibility to have adequate knowledge about the substance use among adolescent boys its effects on their health.
| Conclusion|| |
The overall findings of this study showed that the knowledge scores of adolescent boys were average. The average scores suggest that motivation and initiation in teaching programmes are needed to improve the knowledge of substance use and its ill effects among adolescent boys.
| References|| |
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[Table 1], [Table 2]