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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 46-52

Effectiveness of standardized psycho-education for primary caregivers of patients in Tertiary Care Hospital

1 Lecturer, College Of Nursing, AIIMS, New Delhi, India
2 Associate Professor, Kurji Holy Family Hospital, Patna, India

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2231-1505.262451

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Background: Many people are still unaware that there are effective treatments for schizophrenia. A combination of regular medication, family education and support can reduce the relapse rate from 50% to10%. Aim: To assess effectiveness of standardized psycho-education for primary caregivers on care of chronic mentally ill patients. Method: One group pre-test post-test design with pre-experimental approach was used. 50 primary caregivers of patient with schizophrenia were selected using purposive sampling technique. Data was collected using structured knowledge questionnaire from two selected hospitals of Mangalore. A 45 minutes standardized psycho education was given to primary caregivers in small group of three.Results: Mean knowledge score at pre-test was 25.82±5.35 and 36.28±3.607 at post-test. There was significant difference in knowledge scores of pre-test and post-test (t= 21.676, p<0.01). In area wise analysis, 29.35% gain in knowledge score in drug treatment and its side effect, followed by27.6% increase in relapse prevention, 25% in mental illness and its causes, 17.86% was increased in communication, and social interaction and minimizing psychosis. There was no association between knowledge score and selected demographic variables. Conclusion: There was significant gain in knowledge score of primary caregivers. The study concluded that standardized psycho education was effective in increasing the knowledge of primary caregivers of care of chronic mentally ill patients. Psycho education of the family members is the key to understand about the illness and provide better care to the patient.

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