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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

Evaluative study to assess the level of anxiety among the patients undergoing endoscopy at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Hospital Bhubaneswar

1 Assistant Professor, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
2 Professor-Cum Principal, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
3 B.Sc. (H) Nursing Student, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India
4 Statistician, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Nanda Kumar Paniyadi
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatric Nursing, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IOPN.IOPN_4_19

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Background: Anxiety is a very common phenomenon which takes place in the patients before undergoing any medical / surgical procedure. Endoscopy procedures are usually done for the purpose of diagnosis and usually create anxiety in patients. Aims and Objectives: Study intended to find the level of anxiety in patients undergoing upper GI endoscopy and their association with demographic variables (Age, Marital Status, Gender, Education, Occupation, Residence and Family Income). Materials and Methods: Evaluative research approach and the quantitative descriptive research design used in the study. Total 56 Patients who were undergoing Upper Gastro Intestinal Endoscopy in Gastro OPD and Surgery OPD at AIIMS, Bhubaneswar were selected by a Non-probability purposive sampling technique. The tool used to obtain data were Demographic proforma and Beck's Anxiety Inventory. The tool was converted into Odia and the reliability established (α = 0.8) pilot study was conducted to see the feasibility of the study. Results: Total 49 (87.5%) of subjects experienced mild anxiety, whereas only 7 subjects (12.5%) experienced moderate anxiety and none of the subjects experienced no anxiety and severe anxiety. The data revealed that every individual experienced anxiety. There is no significance association was established between the demographic variables and the level of anxiety experienced by the individuals. Conclusion: All patients undergoing endoscopy, experienced mild to moderate level of anxiety. Nurses can adapt anxiety reduction guidelines prior to endoscopy to reduce level of anxiety to these patients.

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