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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35-38

Mental health treatment – Still a Stigma and Concern in the 21st Century Stigma to appear normal, Stigma to keep the family drama invisibleStigma to protect the family honor, Stigma to coerce yourself out of the need for help

Principal, SMVD College of Nursing and Dean Faculty of Nursing Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, Jammu and Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Shailla Cannie
Faculty of Nursing, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, College of Nursing, Kakryal, Katra, Reasi, Jammu and Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IOPN.IOPN_15_19

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People with mental disorders who live in low- and middle-income countries have low access to quality mental health care and are consequently vulnerable susceptible to suffering and incapacitation, human rights abuses, stigma and discrimination, impoverishment, and premature mortality. The more a mentally ill person feels stigmatized; the lower is their self-esteem, convivial adjustment, and quality of life. The aim of the review is to explore the stigma of mental illness and mental heath services in low and middle-income countries. A PubMed and open-access database literature search (English only) was performed using search strings: stigma of mental illness, Ghana's mental health system, community psychiatry in India, mental health awareness in Nigeria, psychiatric stigma and discrimination in South Africa, and stigma and community intervention. Mental health workforce in India is a shortfall of specialist and psychiatric social worker for mental illness; treatment is unavailable or inaccessible even for those who actively seek health care. In Ethiopia, mental health services coverage and financial auspice for people with mental disorders are constrained. In low- and middle-income countries, the causative agent for mental illness in the current decade is still supernatural power or agents and serves as a major barrier to the treatment. The interventions have the potential to reduce stigma in society at large with the appropriate planning and evaluation. Mental health is still a taboo, and no one acknowledges it. The review demonstrates an adaptation to utilize and participate in mental health care facilities remains a policy aspiration, which generally has not been translated into clinical practice.

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