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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-71

Occurrence of Cardio Metabolic Risk and Attitude Towards Reduction of Cardio Metabolic Risk Factors Among Patient Receiving Long Term Anti Psychotics

Department of Nursing, College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India

Correspondence Address:
Mr. Nanda Kumar Paniyadi
College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar - 751 019, Odisha
Mr. Surya Prakash
College of Nursing, AIIMS, Bhubaneswar - 19, Odisha
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/IOPN.IOPN_17_20

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Background: Noncommunicable disorders (NCDs) are in an increasing trend over the past decades. The increased risk of CMD may be due to various modifiable factors. The use of antipsychotics in patients with severe mental illness (SMI) also increase the risk of CMD. Thus, monitoring and assessing the risk factors is quite essential in a clinical setting. Regular monitoring and attitude of the patients toward the reduction also plays an essential role in the reduction of CMR factors. Objectives: 1. To estimate the prevalence of CMR among patients receiving long term antipsychotics 2. To assess the attitude toward the reduction of CMR factors among patients receiving long term antipsychotics Materials and Methods: A cross sectional observational study using convenient sampling technique was used. The sample size was 110. A semi-structured questionnaire was used. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, median, and interquartile range) and inferential statistics (Chi-square). Results: It was found that majority of the patients (51.8%) are a low risk for CMD and 91.8% of the patients had favorable attitude toward risk reduction of cardiometabolic disease. A significant association was found between attitude and age (P = 0.001*), religion (P =0.003*), and socioeconomic status (P = 0.03*). Conclusion: In this study, it was found that the risk of developing cardiometabolic disease is found in all patients ranging from low to high risk. Meanwhile, the attitude toward reduction was positive.

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